Nasal congestion is one of the biggest challenges that every parent needs to face when raising a baby. The congestion usually happens when excess mucus builds up in the nose and its airways. While the congestion works to help the body get rid of air pollutants and viruses, having a clogged nose can be uncomfortable for babies.
When an incident like this happens, carers must always be prepared with the right knowledge and tools to get rid of the congestion. Items like saline drops and a nasal aspirator must be close at hand.
To fully understand how to take care of babies during congestion, here is some essential information that all carers need to remember to cure the congestion as fast as possible.
Symptoms Of Congestion In Babies
There are two types of congestion that babies usually encounter. The first one is chest congestion. The child may be dealing with it if he or she shows signs of coughing, grunting, or wheezing. It normally happens when the baby has the flu or asthma. It may also indicate that the baby has more severe illnesses like bronchiolitis, cystic fibrosis, or pneumonia.
Nasal congestion, on the other hand, is the most common and less severe type of congestion. Signs that carers need to watch out for to determine if the baby has it include thick nasal mucus. Constant coughing and sniffling may also mean that they have a congested nose. While most cases of nasal congestion are due to regular viruses or allergies, having discolored mucus could mean that they are dealing with more serious diseases like fungal infection or pneumoconiosis.
Treatments For Baby Congestion
For the common type of congestion, carers can help alleviate the symptoms. First, the babies must be well-nourished all the time to help fight the infection. They need to be properly hydrated to replace all the fluids that their body lost due to the colds.
Warm baths are also useful in caring for babies with congestion. The warm water can help clear the snot buildup. It will also help keep saline drops and a reliable nasal aspirator handy to suck away the excessive mucus on the nose. Investing in air purifiers and quality vacuum cleaners will also help if the baby is extra sensitive to allergens, since these can help improve the air quality indoors.
Who Are More At Risk With Congestion
Babies living in places with high-altitudes or dry climates are more susceptible to congestion. But other factors can cause this condition in a baby’s body.
One of the most common causes of congestion includes exposure to dust, cigarette smoke, irritants, or strong perfume. Babies born prematurely, through cesarean delivery, or from mothers who deal with diabetes have higher risks of congestion. Also, those with Down syndrome may experience more congestion compared to other babies.
When To Seek Professional Medical Attention
Baby congestion cases are usually short-lived. Once the symptoms are gone, their immune system will improve. But if they continue to show congestion signs, the carer needs to take them to the nearest medical facility.
Some of the signs that the congestion comes with a more serious condition include severe breathing problems, flaring nostrils, panicked look, moaning or grunting sounds after taking a deep breath, and pulling in of the ribs when inhaling or exhaling. The carers must also check if the skin around the lips and the nails are turning blue. It means that the baby is already losing oxygen in the body.
All babies experience congestion at some point in their young lives. Different genetic and environmental factors can cause it. While some cases of congestion easily heal on their own at home, the babies must get proper medical treatments if they show more breathing trouble.